Diet

DIET FOR A DIABETIC NEPHRO PATIENT

dialysis-dietDiet is one of the most important treatments in managing Diabetes and Kidney diseases .If you have been diagnosed with kidney diseases as a result of   Diabetes, you will need to follow a Diabetic –Nephro Diet. That should contain how much protein, fat, and carbohydrates you can eat ,as well as how much potassium, phosphorus and sodium you can have each day. Because your diet needs to be lower in these minerals, you will limit or avoid certain foods, while planning your meals.

 

CAROHYDRATES FOODS

Milk and Non-dairy foods

RECOMMENDED     AVOID
Skimmed milk(Fat-Free Milk) Buttermilk
Non dairy creamer Chocolate milk
Plain yoghurt Sugar sweetened puddings
Sugar free yogurts Ice creams
Soya milk Sweetend non dairy frozen desserts

BREADS AND STARCHES

RECOMMENDED AVOID
Wheat, Rye, Whole wheat Whole grain bread Unsweetened –refined dry cereals, Rice unsalted crackers, Corn bread (made from starch) Bran bread, Sugar costed cereals, Pancake mix, corn bread mix, Biscuits, Salted snacks, Potato chips,Corn chips, wheat flakes ,oats, contain more potassium and phosphorous than refined products.

FRUITS AND JUICES

RECOMMENDED AVOID
(Can be take 100g once in a week that  depends on your potassium level)

Apples, Apple juices, appricoats   halves

Berries including strawberries, raspberries, black berries,

pear ,pineapple ,watermelon, Guava, Pappaya

 

All Citrus fruits including lemon ,orange,  sweet lime etc and its juices. Avocado ,Banana. Fruits canned in syrups, Dried fruits like Dates, raisins .kiwis,mangos, Pappaya,  Pomogranates,

VEGETABLES

RECOMMENDED AVOID
Low  in potassium(0-100mg)

Fenugreek leaves

Lettuce

Beetroot

Radish (pink)

Bottle gourd

Broad beans

Green mango

Peas

Ridge gourd

Chow chow

Cucumber

Snake guard

Broccoli

Turnips,  Asparagus

High  in potassium(200mg and above)

Beans

Mushroom

Potato

Sweet potato

Tapioca

Yam

Drumstick

Green pappaya

drumstick leaves, Palak ,Amaranth ,Colocassia, Spinach

Tomato sauce and its paste

Moderate In Potassium(100-200mg)

Carrot,Onion small,Radish white,Bitter gourd,Brinjal,Cauliflower,French beans,Ladies finger,Onion stalks,Plantain flower,Green plantain,Pumpkin

LEACHING POTASSIUM FROM VEGETABLESintro_cream_of_crop

  • Put the  vegetables  ,cut into small pieces and place in a very large pot of water.
  • Rinse the vegetables thoroughly .
  • Fill a pot of water and place the vegetables with in to soak for a minimum of two hours at room temperature.
  • After soaking cook the vegetable in excess amount of water for ½ an hour.

HIGH PROTEIN FOODS

Egg, fish and Meat

RECOMMENDED AVOID
Egg white(2no /day)

Lean  cut meat ,Poultry, Fish,

Red meats, Organ meats(brain, kidney, liver),all shell fishes(Prawn ,crab etc)dried fish, smoked fish, Canned meats, cheese, hotdogs, Sausages

BEVERAGES

RECOMMENDED AVOID
Water

Barley water

Home  made tea (un sweetened)

Arowroot porridge

Tender coconut water

Citrus fruit juices,

All carbonated beverages (Beer,cola)Fruit flavoued drinks, stong tea etc

 

AVOID OR LIMITED THESE ALSO

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  • Chocolate , Regular sugar
  • Honey
  • Molasses
  • Baked goods
  • Pickles
  • Canned foods
  • Ice creamStrawberry Ice Cream Desktop Background
  • Condiments
  • Garlic, table salt
  • Nuts(Almond, cashew nut ,pea nuts etc)
  • Pizza
  • Meat tenderizer
  • Salted chips
  • Coco powder
  • Instant coffeepizza-1
  • Jaggery
  • Salt intake is restricted to 3g/day
  • Oil intake is also restricted to 1 teaspoon /day
  • Fluid intake is restricted to 1000ml /day that may varying depends on patient weight, urin output and perspirational water loss.

 

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